Don't like advertisements? Neither do we. Check out our Premium Membership to support GlobalTuners and get rid of the advertisements!
AERO DX

AERO DX.
Aeronautical Communications on HF.

Introduction

Trans Atlantic Aircraft communications can either be very boring or very exciting. Depending on several issues. Most simple explanation could be because these frequencies are not active all the time and are not always on the frequency that you are listening to at the present time. Also the frequencies in use will depend upon, your own location, the time of day or night and conditions which affect radio wave propagation especially on HF frequencies. Most of us are well familiar that at the VHF band (118-136 MHz) for the civil aircrafts and in the UHF band (225-400 MHz) for the Military aircrafts allots of air traffic can be monitored. In consideration with HF Air Communications this is quit another story, it even becomes a challenge some times. The frequency tables below will hopefully helps you succeeding in your first contact with AERO DX'ing. Hearing aero stations from more than 8000 miles distant isn't impossible. it just seems that way!

HF Enroute Aero Frequencies

NAT-ANAT-BNAT-CNAT-DNAT-ENAT-F
301628992862297129623476
559856165649467566286622
890688648879889188258831
133061329113306112791130913291
17946179461794613291 179461335411339

The aeronautical HF Network

In many parts of the world, Oceans, Deserts or Jungles, the use of the VHF band is impractical for passing the ATC or flight information messages used by Air/ground communications. The aeronautical HF Network is a worldwide network of HF stations equipped with KW transceivers for the use of both Civil and Military en route aircrafts. The ICAO has divided the world in to several HF regions. Witch are shown in the table below.

NAT -North AtlanticEUR -Europe
SAT -South AtlanticMID -Middle East
AFI -AfricaINO -Indian Ocean
SEA -South East AsiaSAM -South America
CAR -CaribbeanP -Pacific Ocean
NCA -North Central AsiaCWP -Central West Pacific
CEP -Central East PacificEA -East Asia
NP -North PacificSP -South Pacific

Each of these large regions are then sub-divided into several smaller regions, and allocated a number of HF frequencies. It there fore can always be possible to hear several HF stations operating on the same frequency within such a family. This reduces the change of an aircraft loosing contact with a ground station. It should be pointed out that the areas covered by by a HF family are based upon radio coverage and not on airspace boundaries. All HF transmission is J3E emissions, Single Side Band carrier.

Major World Air Route Frequency List

North Atlantic (NAT)2872 - 2899 - 2962 - 2971 - 3016 - 3476 - 4675 - 5598 - 5616 - 5649 - 6622 - 6628 8825 - 8831 - 8864 - 8879 - 8891 - 8906 - 11279 - 11309 - 11336 - 13291 - 13306 - 17946
Caribbean (CAR)2887 - 3455 - 5520 - 5550 - 6577 - 6586 - 8846 - 8918 - 11387 - 11396 - 13297 - 17907
South Atlantic (SAT)2854 - 2935 - 3452 - 5565 - 6535 - 8861 - 11291 - 13315 - 13357 - 17955
South America (SAM)2944 - 3479 - 4669 - 5526 - 6649 - 8855 - 10024 - 10096 - 11360 - 13297 - 17907
Europe (EUR)3479 - 5661 - 6598 - 10084 - 13288 - 17961
Middle East (MID)2944 - 299 - 3467 - 3473 - 4669 - 5658 - 5667 - 6625 - 6631 - 8918 - 8951 - 10018 11375 - 13288 - 13312 - 17961
Africa (AFI)2851 - 2878 - 3419 - 3425 - 3467 - 4657 - 5493 - 5652 - 5658 - 6559 - 6574 - 6673 8894 - 8903 - 11300 - 11330 - 13273 - 13288 - 13294 - 17961
Indian Ocean (INO)3476 - 5634 - 8879 - 13306 - 17961
North Central Asia (NCA)3004 - 3019 - 4678 - 5646 - 5664 - 6592 - 10096 - 13303 - 13315 - 17958
East Asia (EA)3016 - 3485 - 3491 - 5655 - 5670 - 6571 - 8897 - 10042 - 11396 - 13297 - 13303 - 13309 - 17907
Southeast Asia (SEA)3470 - 348 - 5649 - 5655 - 6556 - 8942 - 10066 - 11936 - 13309 - 13318 - 17907
Central West Pacific (CWP)2998 - 3455 - 4666 - 5652 - 5661 - 6532 - 6562 - 8903 - 10081 - 11384 - 13300 - 17904
Central East Pacific (CEP)2869 - 3413 - 4657 - 5547 - 5574 - 6673 - 8843 - 10057 - 11282 - 13300 - 17904
North Pacific (NP)2932 - 5628 - 6655 - 6661 - 10048 - 11330 - 13300 - 17904
South Pacific (SP)3467 - 5559 - 5643 - 8867 - 10084 - 11327 - 13300 - 17904

Selcal

In order to reduce pilot workload on long flights, the Selcal system has been called to live to enable crews to receive messages from the ground stations without having to maintain a listenings watch. The system has been called Selective Calling , better known as Selcal. Each Aircraft is allocated a four digit code; this being transmitted by the ground staton as two short pulses. The equipment is connected to the HF radios on aircraft and monitors for a call even when the squelch is turned up, and the pilots can hear nothing. This enables the pilots to have some aural peace when crossing the Atlantic or other oceans as HF radios can be very noisy. Selcals are made up of a four letter code and when heard have a distinctive bing-bong sound. As a flight enters the Oceanic FIR, a Selcal check is made the signal activates the on board Selcal receiver which alerts the pilots with a flashing warning light and an audible alarm. These pulses can mostly heard very clearly. It is therefore quite possible to ascertain a aircrafts registration from it's Selcal. Also every effort is made to allocate codes in such a way that no aircraft with the same code are likely to be on the same frequencie at the same time.

 

Issued by Pascal.

For GlobalTuners

© 2007-2015 Ivo Smits, UCIS Internet - About GlobalTuners & Contact - Page generated in 4 ms. 9 SQL queries used.
We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information you’ve provided to them or they’ve collected from your use of their services. Click here for more information.